A palatal expander is an appliance placed in the roof of the mouth to widen the upper dental arch, which allows the arch to be painlessly separated and spread. A treatment used for younger patients. Many times a palatal expander can be used to create a proper alignment of the arches so permanent teeth have room to erupt in a natural position. Often, the use of an arch expander early may eliminate the need for braces later.
A lower lingual arch is a space maintainer for the lower teeth. It maintains the molars where they are and it does not move them. It keeps the molars from migrating forward and prevents them from blocking off space of teeth that develop later. Used when early loss of baby teeth or when lower teeth are slightly crowded.
A space maintainer is a removable or fixed appliance designed to maintain an existing space. They are usually fitted to children when they have lost baby teeth early. The gap left from losing this tooth needs to be held open for the permanent tooth to erupt in its correct position.
This appliance is implemented when one molar (an erupting six-year molar) is caught under the edge of a second primary molar. The appliance features a wire spring which is attached to the erupting molar and to the second molar. The spring provides the necessary tension to gently move the erupting molar into proper position
After completing orthodontic therapy, it is not uncommon to still need a little fine tuning of tooth alignment. This is particularly true in patients who have undergone extensive orthodontic therapy and are simply 'burned out.'
This retainer is useful in correcting minor rotations and crowding. When worn, the spring action of the wires provide a light force to align the teeth. The appliance is constructed to the 'ideal' setting and the patient's teeth adapt to their new position.
Minor tooth movement may be necessary to position teeth properly as permanent teeth erupt during the growth process. In adults, minor tooth movement procedures in conjunction with restorative care can be used in many ways to enhance a patient's appearance.
This removable appliance is used to accomplish multiple tooth movements. The objective is to close the space between the front teeth, create room in the arch for the blocked out lateral teeth and guide them into place. To accomplish the numerous movements, springs are used to move the teeth and close the spaces.
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